Tuesday, March 27, 2018

Homiletic Reflection - Good Friday

A Homiletic Reflection for Good Friday

Sarah Sanderson-Doughty

John 18.1 – 19.42


“Blessings on the one who comes in the name of the Lord!”

“Blessings on the King of Israel.” 

So the crowd shouted when Jesus arrived in Jerusalem on that first day of his last week.  They shouted while waving palm branches.  Palm branches were signs of victory.  This man who raised Lazarus from the dead, he would free Israel from the oppression of Roman occupation.  He was not a puppet of Rome. If he had power over death, surely he had power over empire.  Surely he was the conquering king they had long desired. And now he’s riding into the capital city, in time for Passover celebrations. Anticipation and excitement hang in the air.  

Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews

Written in Aramaic, the everyday speech of the people of Israel in Jesus’ day. Speaking plainly to the religious leaders who so recently declared “we have no king but the emperor.”  Speaking plainly to the crowds who shouted out blessings on the king of Israel.  These words hanging above a bloodied and broken body crowned with thorns… a knife to the gut of the people of Israel— This is what happens to your hope.  This is what happens to your power.  This is how pathetic you are.  

Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews

Written in Latin, the Roman mother tongue, meant to be a joke, a barb, a means of shame and control… Pilate gets the last word, what he has written, he has written.  

Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews.

Written in Greek, so that the Jews home in Jerusalem for the Passover, and the Gentiles there for business, so all could take heed. This is a broken nation, a broken people, with a broken king.  Don’t even think of challenging Rome.

Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews.  

Written so all can read… and despite what the people thought they wanted in a king, and what Pilate meant by these words, and how these words felt to the Jewish people who read them… they speak truth.  Jesus is enthroned on the cross.  He is lifted up for all to see. He is named for all to understand.  The Word made flesh, God with us, the true King of Israel, indeed the true King of creation. The King of the Jews is the King over all, the source, salvation, and sustenance of all that is. 

When Jesus is proclaimed the King of the Jews, in all the languages of the empire, he is proclaimed sovereign over all. Over those who betrayed him, denied him, cursed him, taunted him, mocked him, accused him, whipped him, abused him, crucified him— over Jews and Greeks and Romans. And with Jesus’ body hanging on that cross, God is showing us something about how God rules… in self-sacrificing love, humility, vulnerability, in solidarity with the weak, the poor, the oppressed.  

This Word, the Word made flesh, is the last and eternal word. 

Sarah Sanderson-Doughty is Pastor and Hard of Staff of St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, Portland, Oregon. She earned her Ph.D. in Theological Studies at Vanderbilt University. Sarah, her husband, Kevin, and their daughter, Caroline, love board games, exploring nature, and sharing great food with people.

Monday, March 26, 2018

Preacher’s Study – Good Friday, 2018

The Preacher’s Study
Paschal Triduum – Good Friday

Sarah Sanderson-Doughty

Isaiah 52.13 – 53.12
Psalm 22
Hebrews 10.16-25 or Hebrews 4.14-16; 5.7-9
John 18.1 – 19.42

Do you remember Mel Gibson’s cinematic portrayal of The Passion of the Christ? I was in my first call when it came out and went to see it at our town theater with several parishioners.

What unfolded on the screen was exceedingly gory, brutal, bloody…some might even say it was gratuitously excessive… My father’s comment about it was, “Well, now I understand why he died so quickly, if he lost that much blood before he ever got on the cross. That would do it.”

Ordinarily crucifixion was a torturously slow way to kill someone; scientists theorize that in some cases people died from thirst or exposure after days of hanging, suffering, a spectacle for all to see. But Jesus died in just a few hours.

While my father may have found something edifying in the Passion film, my mother refused to see it. She has said that she doesn’t need to attend films that visually represent the events of Jesus’ last week because just reading the Gospels, or listening to the Gospels read aloud, shakes her and brings her to tears every time.

Does that ever happen for you? Even a little bit?

I find several aspects of The Passion according to John jarring, like this line: “Then Pilate had Jesus taken and whipped.”

Whipped, such brutal punishment – portrayed in excess in the Passion of Christ film. By the time we reach the passion story in each of the Gospels, the reading or listening becomes heavy and painful.

Have you noticed that everything seems bigger or longer, perhaps even more intense, in the Gospel of John? Whereas other Gospels play out Jesus’ interactions with Pilate in three simple scenes, John offers us a long, complex set of interactions in which Pilate shuffles back and forth between the Jewish religious and political leaders and Jesus, covering two chapters and lots of verses.

The tale John tells of Pilate and Jesus is an intriguing one. If we take it at surface value, it would seem that Pilate did not want to crucify our Lord, but gave in under the pressure of those accusing Jesus. However, historical records suggest that Pilate was rather ruthless. So this weak and fearful portrayal seems inconsistent with the picture history paints. Is it possible to hear sarcasm in his voice? Might he be playing with them? Inciting them? In particular, it seems he might have been seizing this opportunity to gain loyalty to Rome.

Perhaps it seems a stretch to suggest this, but consider the last words out of the Jewish religious authorities’ mouths, the chief priest, no less: “We have no king, but the emperor!”

Whoa! Perhaps you have missed the weight of this before now. Here they were, in Jerusalem, a day before the Passover was to begin, rapidly approaching the hour when the lambs for the festival would be ritually slaughtered, and among the chants of faithful Jews in Passover celebrations, “We have no king but Yahweh!” We have no king but the God revealed to Moses. We have no king but God.

For Jewish religious leaders to claim the emperor as their sole king, on this day of all days, is shocking. My stomach sank when I read it. Those words were a great betrayal of their deep loyalty to their God.

So it sure seems to me that they were taunted and set-up and led to this betrayal. In how many ways was Jesus, this troublesome teacher, this disappointing leader, this passive and weak victim, pranced before the people and called their king? How distressing must it have been for this occupied people to see a bloodied body wrapped in purple and crowned in thorns and called their king! It surely seems that the Romans were making a mockery of the Jews in this moment and that all this talk of kings pushed them to their radical and distressing betrayal.

That said, our painful Gospel stories suggest that the crowds that cheered for Jesus upon his triumphal entry into Jerusalem called for his death not a week later. It seems that just about everyone who crossed his path played a part in his undoing, and the betrayal that the religious authorities ultimately make gives us pause and offers us an invitation to self-examination.

As we consider the willingness of the chief priests to forsake their radical allegiance to God alone, we are invited to consider to whom we pay allegiance, in whom we trust, or in what. Can we say that God alone is our king? Or is cash our king? Or a particular political party or candidate? Or your ego? Or a cause? Or any person here on earth? On whom or what do you rely? In particular, do you rely on the God revealed in Jesus Christ, that king who was self-sacrificing and vulnerable, that king who associated with “the least of these” and brought scandal to the elite, that king who ruled by love and justice, that king who gave his life for us? Or do you tend to imagine a warrior God, an invulnerable, all powerful, conquering king who looks little like Jesus?

In the First Letter to the Corinthians, the apostle Paul wrote, “For Jews demand signs and Greeks desire wisdom, but we proclaim Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles.” Even still today we can turn away from the cross of Christ, not seeing there the strength and honor we believe the one on whom we rely should possess. But our king is enthroned on a cross. Our king made known his power through ultimate weakness. Our king’s glory was revealed in this most unusual way.

When I was just beginning to think about becoming a pastor, a fellow college student also discerning a call to ministry prayed for me, prayed over me, that I might get in touch with the crucified Christ. I found this prayer offensive. I preferred to reflect on the resurrected Christ – or Christ the teacher and healer… Why should I dwell on his unjust, brutal death? The cross, it seems, was a stumbling block for me.

I feel differently now. This is central to Jesus’ story, one of the only parts of Jesus’ story that all the Gospels agree on. It is the part of Jesus’ story that suggests to us that God understands, from the inside, the depths of suffering, pain, and God-forsakenness human beings can experience. God is not a stranger to our pain, and God does not let the story end with pain. Resurrection means so much more after crucifixion.

Once again, in Good Friday liturgies around the world this year, the faithful will make their way in procession to the Cross in an act of identification and devotion. For some worshipers, it feels particularly uncomfortable to do so, to show affection to an inanimate object – many of us cease such behavior after childhood. Yet, there’s value in publicly humbling ourselves, taking a moment to truly reflect on and connect with this instrument of Jesus’ humiliation and death, value in connecting with – identifying with – the crucified Christ.

Whether those in earshot of your preaching have or take the opportunity to process to the cross this year, invite your listeners to find a way to connect with the crucified Christ. May that allow them to, in these days of Christian Passover, forsake their loyalty to all the emperors of this world, and renew their commitment to the crucified and risen Christ lifted up, the only true King and Lord.

Sarah Sanderson-Doughty is Pastor and Head of Staff of St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, Portland, Oregon. She earned her Ph.D. in Theological Studies at Vanderbilt University. Sarah, her husband, Kevin, and their daughter, Caroline, love board games, exploring nature, and sharing great food with people.

“The Three Crosses,” 2011, by Kazuya Akimoto.

“Crocifissione,” 1940-41, by Renato Guttuso

“The Crucifixion,” early 1920’s, by Georges Rouault.

“Crucifixion – it is finished,” 2009 (acrylic on canvas), by Patricia Brintle. Available at https://fineartamerica.com/featured/crucifixion-it-is-finished-patricia-brintle.html